An Individualized Education Program lists the educational goals for a child with special needs, including how these goals can be met. Annual IEP reviews can be a source of anxiety for parents, but they do not have to be with preparation.
Since the mid 1970s, federal law has mandated that students with special needs be given access to the same free, public education as other children their age. With the passage of that law, the model of special education turned from one of exclusion (and even institutionalization) to one of inclusion.
As we have said before on our blog, schools that receive federal funding, whether they're here in California or in another state, are required by law to help students with disabilities get a proper education. From individualized education plans, or IEPs, to other accommodations, schools do have resources they can tap into to make this happen.
Because charter schools are typically formed by teachers, parents and people within a community, some people assume that these schools do not have to follow the same rules as public schools. It's believed that some charter schools even practice "soft discrimination" by turning away children with disabilities and special needs in exchange for students who can bring test scores up and bring the school more funding.
An encouraging fact can be seen by looking at federal data concerning graduation rates in the United States. According to 2013 data -- the most recent year available -- the graduation rate among students with disabilities has risen by 2.9 percent over the last two years. A student with disabilities, which can include behavioral disorders as well as speech impairments, is more likely to graduate now than they did in the past.
Imagine for a moment that you are a parent here in Santa Cruz who has a child who has just started kindergarten. After a few weeks, your child's teacher pulls you in for a meeting and expresses concerns about your child's behaviors in class. They seem impulsive when it comes to making decisions which tends to disrupt classroom activities. Your child also demonstrates aggressive behaviors and tends to lash out at people, particularly when they become frustrated.
All but seven states and Puerto Rico have adopted the Common Core State Standards Initiative, including California. Lawmakers and other interested parties designed this initiative to ensure that students across the country are meeting certain standards for math and English language arts.
In recent years, more and more parents have chosen not to vaccinate their children because of the belief that some vaccines -- particularly the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine -- may cause autism or other developmental impairments. Although countless studies have proven this belief to be unfounded, many parents are still refusing to vaccinate their children before sending them to school.
If you have a child who is currently enrolled in school, chances are you are aware of the fact that schools take truancy from class very seriously. In California, if a student misses more than 30 minutes of class, they are considered tardy. If the student misses class and does not produce a valid excuse from a parent, then the truancy becomes an unexcused absence. Three or more truancies in a school year can result in the intervention from school administrators and a meeting with the student's parents. The more unexcused absences and truancies that accumulate, the more likely a student will be suspended or even face intervention from the district attorney.
When most people think of the education system, they see a system that strives for excellence through standardized lesson plans that seem to have a one-size-fits-all regimen. While this might work for a majority of students, these types of lesson plans aren't always the best fit for students with disabilities. Lesson plans that don't tailor to their specific needs can cause the child's education to suffer, which can greatly handicap them down the road.